Land: The land, in Huck Finn,
largely represents the bondage and cruelty of American civil society.ï¿½ To Jim, the land means captivity
in slavery.ï¿½ To Huck, the land comes to symbolize bondage of thought and behavior exuded by the religious-minded
Miss Watson and the Widow Douglas.ï¿½
Conversely, the Mississippi River, more than any other physical entity in the novel, symbolizes freedom,
both for Jim and Huck.ï¿½ The pair can only find safety and peace of mind on the river; whenever they
step onto land, they find themselves getting into trouble.
Twain's characters: Twain also uses many of his main characters to represent certain characteristic
qualities of Americans.ï¿½ Huck, for example, is the typical American frontiersman: he's shrewd, even
manipulative at times, and above all, he's a realist.ï¿½ Tom, though he possesses many of the same qualities,
is less of a realist, but instead tries to romanticize his world.ï¿½ Huck's pap has what Tocqueville describes
as a depraved love of equality.ï¿½ He symbolizes the corruption of humanity and the depravity of those
who live outside of civilization.ï¿½ Huck's pap is a perfect contrast to the Widow Douglas and Miss Watson,
who epitomize the civility of religious women in America.