1) Pangloss teaches that everything is
for the best and that man lives in the "best of all possible worlds."
2) When Pangloss explains that Cunï¿½gonde has been killed, Candide passes out. Upon awakening,
he muses, "Ah, best of worlds, what's become of you now?"
3) When Jacques confronts Pangloss' systemic philosophy, the philosopher responds, ".private misfortunes
make for public welfare."
4) Seeing an abused African slave stretched out on the road before them, the two question him, and learn
that a very religious Christian man is his master. Hearing this, Candide admits to himself, "I'm
through, I must give up [Pangloss'] optimism after all... It is a mania for saying things are well when
one is in hell."
and dejected, Candide tries to get the authorities involved, but they are less than helpful or polite.
Soon he resolves to himself that if there is a place where everything is for the best, "it is in Eldorado
and not in the rest of the world."
6) Later, being entertained at a home where he meets a wise man, Candide immediately asks him if he
subscribes to Pangloss' philosophy of optimism. The man says he doesn't, maintaining that "everything
goes wrong in our world.."
7) Candide responds by repeating Pangloss' teaching that "troubles are just the shadows in a beautiful
8) At this point,
however, Martin asserts that "the shadows are horrible ugly blots."
9) Now in Venice, Candide makes his first priority to find Cacambo, hoping that he has brought Cunï¿½gonde.
After a few days of fruitless searching, he grows despairing, finally resolving to Martin that Cunï¿½gonde
is dead, that "all is but illusion and disaster."
10) Following the example of a neighboring Turk, Candide decides that his household will no longer debate
philosophy, saying "we must [simply] cultivate our garden."