theme of Animal Farm is not difficult to understand.
Orwell intended to criticize the communist regime he saw
sweeping through Russia and spreading to Europe and even the United
States. Though he agreed
with many Marxist principles, Orwell was unable to accept the
communist interpretation of socialism because he saw many similarities
between the communist governments and the previous czarist regimes in
old Russia. Communism, he
thought, was inherently hypocritical.
his self-proclaimed "fairy-story," Orwell uses his allegorical
farm to symbolize the communist system.
Though the original intention of overthrowing Mr. Jones (who
represents the Czars), is not inherently evil in itself, Napoleon's
subsequent adoption of nearly all of Mr. Jones' principles and harsh
mistreatment of the animals proves to the reader that indeed communism
is not equality, but just another form of inequality.
The pigs and dogs take most of the power for themselves,
thinking that they are the best administrators of government.
Eventually the power corrupts them, and they turn on their
fellow animals, eliminating competitors through propaganda and
bloodshed. This is of
course a reference to Stalin, who murdered many of his own people in
order to maintain his dictatorship of Russia.
in part to Animal Farm, much
of the Western world finally realized the danger of communism.
Soon a Cold War began between the world's greatest
superpowers- the Soviet Union and the United States.
In the end, America would prove that capitalism and democracy
could outlive a system of government-mandated equality.