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___________________________To Kill a Mockingbird by Harper Lee

STUDYWORLD STUDYNOTES

To Kill a Mockingbird

Comprehensive Summary and Review of Chapters 7-12

Summary:

Through the next fall and winter, objects began to mysteriously appear in the knot-hole of a tree on the corner of the Radley property: gum, then twine, a carved soap sculpture, Indian-head pennies, and other treasures - gifts clearly intended for Scout and Jem. Boo became even more of a puzzle.

The following summer, trouble cropped up over Atticus' recent appointment as defense counsel for Tom Robinson, a Negro accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Violet Ewell. The Ewells were the lowest family in Maycomb society. But Mayella was white and Tom was black: no matter how trashy the girl might be, her honor had to be upheld against a Negro. What angered many of the townspeople most was Atticus's attempt to truly defend Tom.

Atticus and his children had several threats aimed at pressuring them to let things stay as they'd always been in the South. But Atticus felt Tom was innocent, and he would do all he could to prove it. "Every lawyer gets at least one case in his lifetime that affects him personally," he told Scout. Nevertheless, he had to be realistic. They would probably lose, he explained, because they had been "licked a hundred years before they had even started",, but that was no reason not to try.

Atticus then extracted a promise from Scout not to fight her friends at school - a difficult promise to keep. She heard her father called "nigger-lover," and she herself, for the first time in her life, was labeled a coward. But Scout stayed true to her word; her father rarely asked for favors

Several other incidents occur in Maycomb. For the first time the town experiences a severe snowstorm. That night, Miss Maudie's house catches on fire and burns to the ground. The children have to leave their house because of the close proximity of the fire. In her hurry to leave the house, Scout forgets to put on her coat. Shivering in the cold, she finds a blanket suddenly thrust around her shoulders. "We'd better keep ... the blanket to ourselves," Atticus gently said. "Someday, maybe, Scout can thank him for covering her up." "Thank who?" Scout asked. "Boo Radley," replied her father. "You were so busy looking at the fire you didn't know it when he put the blanket around you."

Another dilemma occurs when a mad dog enters the town. The children are surprised when Atticus is called upon to shoot the animal as they had never associated their father as being a sharp shooter.

 

Review: It becomes evident that the presenter of the gifts is Boo Radley when his brother fills up the hole in the tree with cement. The reader can surmise that Boo likes children and appears to be good natured.

The concept of bigotry is introduced when Francis calls Atticus a "nigger lover" and when Atticus says that Tom Robinson doesn't have a chance even though he is innocent because he will be tried in front of an all white jury.

Scout and Jem realize that Atticus is relatively old and does not do all the things Scout's schoolmate's fathers do. But after witnessing their father shoot and kill old Tim Johnson who had gone mad, Atticus is a hero to them and they are no longer embarrassed because of his age.

The incident of the dog, a threat to everyone in the community, brings momentary unity as well as equality to the town. Everyone has the same concerns and looks to Atticus for help. This dependency upon Atticus to safeguard the town is seen throughout the story.

 

 

  • Biography of Harper Lee

  • Quick/Fast Review of To Kill a Mockingbird

  • Character List of To Kill a Mockingbird

  • Comprehensive Summary and Review of Chapter 1-6

  • Comprehensive Summary and Review of Chapter 7-12

  • Comprehensive Summary and Review of Chapter 13-18

  • Comprehensive Summary and Review of Chapter 19-24

  • Comprehensive Summary and Review of Chapter 25-31

  • Studyworld Essay Search on To Kill a Mockingbird


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