Communication And Transportation In The Early 1900's
Transportation and communication are closely linked and one
would not be possible without the other. Development in
both of these areas have brought many conveniences and
comforts to the average person. During the 1800's, people
seldom left their towns or farms, because travel was
difficult even for short distances. Only the very wealthy
could have the luxurious accommodation for those long
journeys. In 1890, people traveled an average of only 200
miles a year away from their home communities. Today, it
is not unheard of to travel an average of about 4,000 miles
a year; 3,600 of them by automobile.
There are three main kinds of transportation: land, water,
and air. The chief means of land transportation are
automobiles, railroads, trucks and animals. During the
1900's horses played a significant role in the everyday
life. A horse drawn carriage would bring a doctor to the
house if there was an illness, birth or death. A hearse was
pulled by horses to the cemetery when somebody died.
Farmers used them to pull their ploughs while town dwellers
kept them for transportation around town. Horses pulled
delivery wagons for businesses such as a bakery, dairy
factory, and coal company. Horses even pulled fire engines
through the streets in a fire emergency.
Another mode of travel is the bicycle. It is easily
maintained and offers a sense of freedom to virtually
anybody willing to learn.
Henry Ford revolutionized the world we live in by inventing
the "horseless carriage". His invention offered a method of
transportation to the public, and helped with our
emergency services such as fire engines, police cars, and
ambulances. Now we have a large variety of cars to choose
from varying in size and price. He also brought a large
profitable industry to North America; the car industry.
Eleven years prior to World War I, Orville and Wilbur
Wright made a successful flight in the first airplane at
the beach of Kitty Hawk, North Carolina. Although the
flight only lasted 12 seconds, this invention was
instrumental in bringing many changes to the world.
The area of communication also had many new inventions. The
telephone, an item which is taken for granted today, was
invented by Alexander Graham Bell. This device brought
people into closer proximity to each other and allowed the
house needs to be satisfied without leaving the home. It
created new jobs and women were given the opportunity to
work as switch board operators.
Another important invention in the communication industry
was the development of wireless telegraphy or radio. This
accomplishment is credited to an Italian inventor,
Guglielmo Marconi. He produced the first transatlantic
wireless signal in history and invented the beam system of
wireless for long-distance communication. He can be also be
credited with contributing to modern-day television. The
spectacular growth in the communication industry opened up
thousands of job opportunities in a variety of fields. The
broadcasting industry needs such workers as writers,
producers, directors, cameramen, engineers, electronic
technicians, stagehands, lighting specialists, graphic
artists, set designers and performers. Radio and TV news
departments provide a variety of jobs for journalists.
Communication and transportation are so closely linked that
they are difficult to separate. Communication often makes
transportation possible. For example radio and radar guide
airplanes to safe landings. Charts help sailors bring
their ships into harbors. Transportation takes us where we
want to go, and brings us nearly everything we eat, wear,
and use in daily life. Without trasportation, our modern
society could not exist.