Since the days of the pioneers of the United States,
firearms have been part of the American tradition as
protection and a means of hunting or sport. As we near the
end of the 20th century the use of guns has changed
significantly. Because of fast and steady increase in crime
and the fight for the right to own a hand gun, the
introduction of legislation for gun control, to try to
reduce the crime in the United States, has been a hotly
debated issue in recent years.
Although many people feel that gun control violates the
right of the people, given in the second amendment "the
right to bear arms", controlling distribution and sales and
the registration of guns and gun owners is necessary
because of the homicide rate involving guns and the
violence by criminals using guns.
Many people feel that gun control violates the right of the
people given in the second amendment the right "to bear
arms". Opponents of gun control, including the National
Rifle Association, better known as the NRA, argue that the
"right To bear arms" is guaranteed in the second amendment
of the Constitution of the United States of America and
licensing restrictions penalize law-abiding citizens while
in no way preventing criminal use of handguns. It is also
argued that by making it difficult for guns to be bought
and registered for the American public there is a threat to
the personal safety of American families everywhere.
However controlling the sale and distribution of firearms
is necessary because of the homicide rate involving guns.
In 1988 there were 9000 handgun related murders in America.
Metropolitan centers and some suburban communities of
America are setting new records for homicides by handguns.
Larger Metropolitan centers have ten times the murder rate
of all Western Europe. For example in Washington,D.C. there
was an estimated 400 homicides including guns.
In addition gun control has been seen as necessary because
of the violence by criminals using guns. Gun control is
wrapped in a series of social issues such as crime and
drugs. Guns have become closely linked to drugs and murder
in the public mind. Drug dealing and high tech weaponry
have escalated the warfare in cities between long
established loosely knit gangs. Predominantly guns of crime
are used by gang members. Many police officers are killed
every year due to drug and gang related incidents involving
guns. For example in 1988 on February 26 rookie New York
City police officer Edward Byre was sitting alone in his
police car guarding the house of a drug trial witness in
South Jamaica, Queens where he was shot four times in the
head and killed.
In conclusion there are valid reasons for why certain
people feel that gun control is unfair. People against gun
control feel that it is a violation of the Constitution to
control the sale and distribution and the registration of
guns and gun owners. But it is necessary for there to be
certain limits on the way that firearms are handled in this
country because of the homicide rate involving guns and
because of the violence created by criminals using guns. If
gun control legislation were to go through there would be a
significant decline in gun related crimes and fatalities.