In the eighteenth century, England would punish by death
for pickpocketing and petty theft. Ever since the 1650's,
colonist could be put to death for denying the true God or
cursing their parents advocates. Capital Punishment has
clashed almost continuously in the forum of public opinion,
in state legislatures, and most recently in courts. In
1972,the case of Furman vs.Georgia reached the Supreme
Court. The court decided that punishment by death did
indeed violate the eighth amendment to containing that
"excessive fines imposed,nor cruel and unusual punishment
inflicted." By this decision death sentences all over the
country were set aside.
The three most common death penalties are the gas chamber,
lethal injection, and the electric chair. Capital
punishment has become an increasingly controversial issue
over many decades. The problem lies between, whether the
death penalty should be accepted in murder cases or ruled
out completely. While some people feel that Capital
Punishment will not discourage crime, others feel that
Capital punishment should be legalized in all states,
because it is morally just and it will deter crime.
The many opponents of capital punishment who are against it
feel that the death penalty is not a deterrent, that it is
a barbaric act of the past, and that it has no place in a
civilized society. One of the biggest arguments against
capital punishment is the feeling that it violates the
eighth amendment which forbids cruel and unusual
punishment. People against Capital Punishment believe the
death penalty is absurd and is an un-christian practice.
Furthermore, they feel society should not "encourage
sentiments of vengeance and cater to a morbid interest in
ritual execution". Criminologists also built a strong case
that the threat of death failed to deter murder anymore
effectively than prison. Therefore, to inflict harm to one,
is simply useless.
However, the counter argument is that the punishment fits
the crime, therefore, it is morally just. Capital
punishment is an expression of society's moral outrage at
offensive conduct. This may be appealing to many, and it is
essential in an ordered society. It asks our citizens to
rely on legal procedures rather than to self-help their
wrongs doings. It is morally right to sentence a person to
the death penalty who has committed a serious crime as
murder. If someone has murdered a person, it is unethical
to let the murderer live when you have an innocent person
who is dead. Capital Punishment has to be based entirely on
consideration of justice and morality.
Finally, the death penalty is a deterrent against crimes.
Statistics show that the crime rate is reduced in all
states that hold the death penalty. The point given to
these people is that they are less likely to commit a crime
knowing they will receive the ultimate punishment to kill.
"No other punishment deters men so effectively from
committing crimes as the punishment of death". Still,
Capital Punishment is supported by many Americans. They
usually rely on deterrence as their main reason to deter
people from committing serious crimes. Hopefully Capital
Punishment will be legalized in many states to eliminate
violence from American life.
Many people feel Capital Punishment will not discourage
crime . It promotes murder rather than deters it. A desire
for suicide is what leads some murderers to their criminal
acts. Capital Punishment should remain legalized in all
states. The two main reasons are it is morally just and it
will deter crime. The way our society is today, we need to
continue with the death penalty. It deters other murderers
and it protects our society from them. Clearly, the usage
of the death penalty will force crime to be unacceptable in
our world and protect our citizens.