Across the horizon: the rising sun and endless possibilities

Home - Studyworld Studynotes - Quotes - Reports & Essays 






Oakwood Publishing Company:


Study Material






Creative Writing


Social Issues

Music and Art
Reports & Essays: Literature - Novels


Ghosts: Reality Or Illusion
Real Ghosts By Daniel Cohen When you hear the word "ghosts", you may think of something in a white sheet with holes for eyes, or you may think of a ragged figure dragging chains and moaning. One might also conjure up an image of an invisible being that goes in and out of rooms without needing to open doors. That is the way ghosts are usually described in stories or shown in movies. But real ghosts come in many different sizes and shapes. Sometimes they are strange and frightening looking or sometimes they look very ordinary and it is hard to tell that they are ghosts at all. Often ghosts cannot be seen, but are just heard and felt. This book is about real ghosts. Are ghosts real? The book begins with several anecdotes of impossible occurrences such as: "An airplane crashes at 3:25pm causing the death of the pilot. At the same time in another city, a lieutenant claims that he saw and spoke with the pilot." "A judge says that he had a conversation in his home with a reporter at 1:30 the night before. But at 1:30 that night the reporter had died of a heart attack in his own bed." "In an old mansion in England, a photographer actually snaps a picture of a shadowy figure on a staircase. It is the 'brown lady' of Raynham Hall." Each of these people claims that he really saw a ghost. In this book, the author (Daniel Cohen) investigates many strange stories. Sometimes he uncovers a hoax, but other stories leave puzzling questions. Do spirits really haunt old houses? Can a human be transported back into the past? Are ghosts real? Return from the dead? Another interesting story is told about a man named John Thorne who lived near an old haunted house. In 1958 he had an odd experience... He woke up in the middle of the night to find a strange woman in his bedroom. It was dark, but he could still see that she was wearing a long dress, the kind people wore a hundred years ago. Thorne turned the lights on, and the figure had disappeared. In 1961, Thorne's brother, William, came for a visit. On the first night, William heard footsteps outside the door. When he looked out of the open door. He saw a woman in a long black dress holding a handkerchief in her hand. Suddenly the room became very cold. The Exorcists By William P. Blatty The Exorcist was an extremely popular book. It was about a young girl who was "possessed" by the devil. It took a ritual called "exorcism" to drive out the evil spirit. An even more popular movie was made from the book. People thought that the movie and the book were true. They were not. The book was a piece of fiction written by William P. Blatty, however, it was based on a real case. One of the reasons that the book and the movie were so popular, is that people thought that the story actually happened. Here we have to be very careful. "based on" is not "the same as". The writer and the movie producers made many changes in order to make "the Exorcist" more dramatic and exciting than the case that inspired it. In the book and the movie, the "possessed" subject was a young girl. In the real case it was a boy. And that was just one of the changes made. There were many, many, many more. A large part of the exorcist was not based on anything at all. It was just made up. One reason is that we really don't know a great deal about the real case as very few records were kept and most were not even made public. Some of those involved in the case have since died and many others just don't want to talk about it anymore. Here is what we do know. The case began early in 1949. The possessed subject was a fourteen year old boy who was called Douglas Deen. He lived with his family in a suburb of Washington D.C. The first thing the family noticed that alerted them that something was not right, were strange noises coming from the boy's room. At first they suspected the noise was caused by mice. Exterminators were called in, but they found nothing and the noises continued... The disturbances became more violent and other happenings occurred also such as; heavy furniture moved back and fort;. a bowl fell off the top of the refrigerator for no apparent reason; a picture seemed to jump off the wall. The worst disturbances took place in the boy's bedroom. His bed shook and trembled all night. The noise kept Douglas and his parents awake night after night. The Deen's talked about these events with their neighbors. The neighbors laughed at first. But after they spent a night in the Deen's house they stopped laughing. The neighbors also began to believe that something very strange was going on. But what? the Deen family then called in the minister of their church, the Reverend Winston. The minister, too, was sceptical, but he decided to investigate more closely. He spent the entire night of February 17, 1949 in Douglas Deen's bedroom. Later, the reverend Winston described what happened that night at a meeting of the society of parapsychologists in Washington. He told them what he heard when he had been at the house. He said that first, the boy's bed began to shake, and then there were scratching and scrapings from the wall. The minister switched on the lights but could see nothing that might be causing the disturbances. The minister then asked the boy to sit in an armchair. The chair began to move around the room slowly. Then it started rocking back and forth. Finally, it tipped over, throwing the boy on the floor. Reverend Winston thought it would be best to get the boy off the furniture that seemed to move. He told the boy to take his pillow and blankets and sleep on the floor. While Reverend Winston watched, the boy, the bedding began to slide across the room. Reverend Winston was then convinced that something very odd was going on. He didn't know what! He felt that these events were beyond his understanding and control. The boy was taken to Georgetown hospital for both physical and mental tests. The tests turned up nothing. Visits to the psychiatrists did not make the disturbances that centered around the fourteen year old, disappear. The Deen family became desperate. They finally decided on a drastic cure. They called in a priest to perform an "exorcism", a very old ritual. Its purpose is to drive out demons. It is not used very often in the modern world. Many people do not approve of using it at all. But the family didn't know where else to turn. They believed that exorcism was their last hope. The priest who performed the exorcism remained with the boy for over two months. During the period he performed the long exorcism rite thirty times. While the ritual was going on, the boy would tremble violently. Sometimes he would begin to scream. Then the voice was not at all like his normal voice. In May 1949, the priest went through the entire ritual again. The boy did not react violently as he usually did. The priest assumed that the demon had been driven out. After that the boy was no longer troubled by shaking beds or moving furniture. What does all of this have to do with ghosts? Perhaps a great deal. Psychical researchers found the details of this case very familiar. The unexplained noises, the shaking furniture, and the rest of the things that happened to the Deen's boy had troubled many others. Usually these disturbances were not blamed on demons. They were said to be due to activities of a "poltergeist. " poltergeist is a German word, which means "noisy ghost" or "noisy spirit. " but in a poltergeist case, people don't usually see any figures at all. What happens is just what happened in the Deen's case. There are all sorts of unexplained disturbances in a house. Often these disturbances are blamed on a unseen spirit, a poltergeist. Hundreds of poltergeist cases can be found in the records of different psychical research organizations. Reports of such experiences go back to the ancient times. New ones are reported every year. Usually psychical researchers hear about the case after it is over, that is, after the disturbances have stopped. But occasionally they are able to investigate while the disturbances are still going on. That happened in 1958. We like to think of ghosts or spirits haunting crumbling castles or ancients houses. This ghost began causing trouble in a modern ranch house. The house was located in the very ordinary suburban community of Seaford, Long Island. In the house lived Mr.and Mrs. James Hermann and their two children. The children were a girl Lucille, thirteen, and a boy Jimmy, twelve. Most of the disturbances seemed to center around the boy. When he was around, things began to happen. The disturbances began on February 3. First, the family heard what sounded like popping bottles. When they went to see what was wrong, they found bottles in several parts of the house that had been mysteriously opened and spilled. A few small objects had also been broken. Strange noises and bottle openings continued for three days. The family became very concerned. They called the police. Patrolman j. Hughes came to the house. He too heard some noise. He looked in the bathroom and found that some medicine and shampoo had been open and spilled. He could not explain how it happened. No one had been in the bathroom. Some of the hermann's relatives also had strange experiences. A cousin of mr. Hermann saw a statue move around a table. Then it flew two feet in the air and landed on the rug. Some of the bottles were taken to the police laboratory. The electric company checked the house to see if anything was wrong with the electricity. Building inspectors and the fire departments also examined the house. Everything about it seemed normal. They could not find nothing to account for the disturbances. The Hermann's family was very upset by these goingons. The appealed to the public for help. Naturally the appeal got into the newspapers. The Long Island poltergeist became famous. News of the poltergeist reached Dr. J. G. Pratt in north Carolina. Dr. Pratt is one of America's leading researchers on the subject of haunting, ghosts, and other unexplained events. He came up to Long Island to investigate the case in person. He interviewed everyone connected with the case. He checked over the house, and examined all the objects that had been disturbed. By the time dr. Pratt arrived, the disturbances had died down considerably. He didn't see any objects fly across the room. He did hear a few strange thumps coming from jimmy's room. He was not able to come up with any explanation for the case. He just left as puzzled as he was when he came. The case has never been solved. About the Author: Daniel Cohen Daniel Cohen is the author of over a hundred books for both young readers and adults, and he is a former managing editor of science digest magazine. His titles include supermonsters, real ghosts, ghostly terrors, science fictions greatest monsters, the world's most famous ghosts and monsters you never even knew existed. All of these are available in archway paperback editions. Mr. Cohen was born in Chicago and has a degree in journalism from the University of Illinois. He appears frequently on radio and television and has lectured at colleges and universities throughout the country. He lives with his wife, young daughter, one dog and four cats in Port Jervis, New York.

"For complete summary and analysis of literary works, please visit


Teacher Ratings: See what

others think

of your teachers

Copy Right