Jerusalem is located in the heart of Israel and is divided
into three sections: the Old City, New City (West
Jerusalem), and East Jerusalem. In the center is the Old
City which is split up into four main sections: Muslim
Quarter, Jewish Quarter, Christian Quarter, and the
Armenian Quarter. Also, the Old City is the site of many
religious and historical landmarks.
Within Jewish Quarters, the main attraction is the Western
(Wailing) Wall Wall"). It's dubbed the "Wailing Wall"
because many Jews come to pray there, and their prayers
sound like wailing. The Wall is the small remaining part of
King Solomon's Temple. After the Jews were banished from
Temple Mount, the Western Wall became the most sacred place
of Judaism. There are two major sects of Jews in this part
of the city. There is the Sephardic group, who come from
Spain, Africa, and the Mediterranean, and there is the
Ashkenazic group, who come from Northern Europe.
Another section of the Old City is the Christian Quarter.
The center of this part of the city is The Church of the
Holy Sepulchre. It is believed that the Via Dolorosa, a
street, was the site of the original Stations of the Cross.
Furthermore, it is maintained that Jesus was originally
buried at this site. The Church was rebuilt by Crusaders in
1099 CE, but it was originally built in the fourth century.
The St. James Cathedral is the center of attention in the
Armenian part. Many families who escaped the Armenian
Holocaust in 1915 settled in the Old City. Many of the
residents of this part of the Armenian Quarter practice the
Greek Orthodox religion.
The last section of the city is the Muslim Section. Atop
the Temple Mount are the gold-domed Dome of the Rock (661
BCE) and the silver-domed al-Aqsa mosques. The Rock
referred to in Dome of the Rock is Mt.Zion. This is where
Abram went to sacrifice Isaac and Muhammed ascended to