Ernest Hemingway is considered to be the most influential
and most famous American writer of his time. He fought in
and reported on wars, hunted big game, married four times,
and survived several near-fatal accidents.
Hemingway was born in Oak Park Illinois. After graduating
from high school, he got a job at a paper called "Kansas
City Star". When World War broke out, he tried to enter the
military, but his defective eye, hindered him from being
accepted. He finally managed to get a job driving an
American Red Cross ambulance. During one of his expedition,
he was injured and hospitalized. After his release from the
hospital he started his career as a writer.
During the 1920's, he lived in Paris, France, where he
worked as a foreign corespondent for the "Toronto Star". In
1925, he wrote a book called "In Our Time", which was
marketed in New York. The next year he published a book
called "The Sun Also Rises", a novel which brought him his
first success. The book deals with a group of desultory
people in exile from France and Spain-members of the "lost
generation", a phrase made famous by Hemingway himself.
During the 1930's, Hemingway covered the Spanish Civil War
as a journalist. He raised money, for a party called the
"Loyalists" and wrote a book about it called "The Fifth
Column". In this book, the narrator is the protagonist.
From more experience in Spain, he wrote a book called "For
Whom the Bell Tolls" in 1940. This book was the most
successful writing, based on sales of the book.
Following the war in Europe, Hemingway returned to his home
in Cuba. In 1953, Hemingway received a Pulitzer prize for
his book "The Old Man and the Sea". The book describes an
old fisherman's struggle with a giant marlin, only to have
it eaten by sharks after the fisherman boats it. By 1960,
Hemingway was driven out of Cuba (Because of Castro), and
moved to Finca, and then he moved to a house in Ketchum,
Hemingway was suffering from severe depression, and anxiety
attacks. He had gone to the Mayo Clinic in Massachusetts,
to receive electro-shock therapy, but it didn't help him.
Later that same year, Hemingway ended his life, with a shot
Baker, Carlos H. Hemmingway: A Life Story. Scribner, 1969
Lovelock, James. Hemingway. Harvard University Press, 1985
Lynn, Kenneth S. Hemmingway. Simon & Schuster, 1987
McDowell, Nicholas. Hemingway. Rourke, 1989
Meyers, Jeffrey. Hemingway:A Biography. Harper, 1985