Famous Explorers of Africa
Mungo Park was a Scottish explorer who led one of the first
expeditions to investigate the course of the Niger river in
Western Africa. Mungo Park was a 23 year-old scottish
surgeon surgeon who had just returned from a journey to
Sumatra on a ship of the East India Company. There he had
discovered 6 species of fish, he had published descriptions
in a Scientific Journal. In 1795, Park had gone to Piscina,
on an offer to research further into Africa. Park had
accepted and a severe fever overcame him during his
journey. Park also had been captured by certain muslim
leaders. After he had got out of the Prison he had wandered
around and had finally found the Niger River. Park was
amazed at how beautiful the River was. Park had stated "I
saw with infinite pleasure, the object of my, mission".
Park had returned home to London where became famous on his
publications of his voyage across Africa.
Later in 1806 he sailed downstream to the Bussa rapids,
where he drowned, trying to escape an attack by the
Rene Callie was a 27 year old man who was fascinated by the
stories told about peoples travels to Africa. His readings
of Mungo park also stimulated his fascination. Callie had
entered a contest for the first person to reach Timbuktu
and reach back. He had reached Timbuktu. During Callie's
trip he did not find it easy to prove to the French
Authorities that a young man with no experience could
discover Timbuktu. On his way back Callie had joined a Arab
Caravan preparing to cross from Western Sahara to Morocco.
Callie had stated "I am the first European to cross from
the sandy ocean from the south to the north". On his return
to Paris, Callie was known as a hero. Later, questions were
asked if he was telling the truth or not.
Johann Rebmann was a German missionary, who was not like
Mungo Park or Rene Callie. The purpose of Rebmann's
explorations is to find a place where he might serve God.
His most helpful weapon was a umbrella, which he used to
fight off lions and would be attackers. Rebmann was the
european explorer who kept a careful record of his journey.
Together with his partner he paved the way for later
explorers. Rebmann had found the Mount Kilimanjaro which
was located in Tanzania. His missionary work was more
difficult than his exploration efforts.
David Livingstone was a scotsman who also was intrigued by
the mysteries of vast unexplored areas of South Africa. He
as Johann Rebmann was also a missionary. ivingstone started
working at a mission in sotho and had also left because of
dissagreements with the boers. In 1849 Livingstone had gone
with 2 game hunters to be an interpreter for an expedition
northward. They had gone north to Lake Ngami in Botswana
but they could not go further because of Livingstone's
families' sickness at the time. After about a year
Livingstone resumed his explorations.
Livingstone had heard tales of the rushing waters of the
Zambezi River. He wanted to know the source of this River.
Livingstone had to return to England for his families
safety and when he returned his mission was destroyed by
boers. Livingstone was ill and tired but he kept on his
journey. In 1855 Livingstone had gone about two thousand
miles when he reached the Victoria Falls. Livingstone had
returned to Engaland in 1856. In 1862 Livingstone had
returned to Central Africa with a backing of the British
Government. He was on his journey and he become sick and
was in a African hut for 6 months. Livingstone had been in
Central Africa for 8 years and the outside world had little
information of his health and his whereabouts.
In 1871 Henry Stanley a 28 year-old foreign correspondent
had heard rumors that a white man was living at the Village
of Ujiji near lake Tanganika. On November 10,1871 Stanley
entered the village and there he found the sick
Livingstone. Stanley had brought the correct medical
supplies to let Livingstone recover. In 1872 both Stanley
and Livingstone had gone to explore lakes and rivers of
Central Africa. Livingstone had died and was remembered as
a hero for his explorations in Central Africa.
Stanley had then left Livingstone to research further.
Speke finds Lake Victoria and names it after the Queen of
Richard Burton was one of the most famous explorers in
Africa . Burton's Life story is filled with adventure. In
1853 Burton was disguised as a Moslem he made dangerous
pilgrimages to Mecca. In 1854 he went to Harar in Ethiopia
where capture meant death. Burton and his companion John
Speke were the first Europeans to visit Somalialand. In
1856, again with John Speke, Burton returned to East Africa
to look for the source of the Nile River. The trip was
dangerous from Zanzibar. In 1858 they came upon Lake
Tanganika but it wasn't the source of the NIle either.
Burton returned home. But Speake had gone with James Grant
to find the source of the Nile. Six months later they saw a
lake as large as a sea. Then they were convinced that
Victoria Lake was the source of the Nile River.
John Speke had received most of the glory for his works on
the exploration the source of the Nile. In 1860 James Speke
and James Grant had gone for further research of the Nile.
On this Expedition Speke reported of how the kingdoms along
the Nile. Speke had said "I saw that old father Nile
without any doubt rises in the Victoria Lake , and as I
foretold, that the Nile is the great source of the holy
river which cradled the first exfounder [moses] of our