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Biography of Genghis Khan
      The old world had many great leaders. Alexander the Great, 
Hannibal and even Julius Caesar met with struggle on their rise to 
power. Perhaps Genghis Khan was the most significant of all these 
rulers. To prove that Genghis Khan was the greatest ruler, we must go 
back to the very beginning of his existence. We must examine such 
issues as; Genghis�s struggle for power/how his life as a child would 
affect his rule, his personal and military achievements and his 

      Genghis Khan was originally born as Temujin in 1167. He showed 
early promise as a leader and a fighter. By 1206, an assembly of 
Mongolian chieftains proclaimed him Genghis Khan. Which meant 
Universal or invincible prince. This was a bold move for the assembly. 
They obviously saw some leadership qualities in Genghis that others 
didn�t. When Genghis Khan was little, his chieftain father poisoned. 
With no leader left, the tribe abandoned Genghis and his mother. They 
were left alone for many years to care for themselves. Throughout 
these years, his family met many hardships such as shortage of food 
and shortage of money. Though unable to read, Genghis was a very wise 
man. His mother told him at a very early age the importance of trust 
and independence. "Remember, you have no companions but your shadow" 
Grolier Encyclopedia. (1995) CD ROM

      This quote was to mean to Genghis, don�t put to much trust in 
anyone, trust no one but yourself and if you must go your own way then 
do so. In 1206, Genghis Khan proclaimed the ruler of Mongolia. Genghis 
was a very respected leader. Like other leaders he knew what his 
people wanted. They want everything that is good and nothing that is 
bad. Genghis knew he could not promise this so instead he pledged to 
share both the sweet and the bitter of life. Genghis did not want to 
end up being poisoned like his father so instead he made alliances, 
and attacked anyone who posed a serious threat. Through this method 
of leadership, Genghis�s army grew to the point where they were 

      Genghis contributed alot of items to the chinese and even 
western civilizations. Perhaps his greatest contribution was a code of 
laws that he declared. Since Genghis couldn�t read or write, these law 
were documented by one of his followers.  His laws were carried on by 
people though the many generations to the point of still being in use 
today. Either as a modification of Genghis�s laws or as Genghis had 
declared them. Genghis Khan promoted the growth of trade between China 
and Europe. This allowed him to gain essential supplies such as food, 
weapons and other essential survival materials. Genghis also invented 
a system similar to the pony express. It was a system in which the 
horse and rider could silently communicate, a system that is still in 
use today. Perhaps the greatest gift ever given by Genghis Khan was 
the gift of language. Genghis was the first ruler to develop a 
Mongolian language. Genghis Khan was also a military and strategic 
genius. He structured his army in a unique and interesting fashion. He 
integrated soldiers from different tribes into one powerful fighting 
force. This was a brilliant idea. Not only could he have diversity and 
people who specialize in certain aspects of warfare, but it also 
inspired loyalty to the mongolian army as a whole rather than to a 
specific group of people. Genghis used harsh training and strict 
discipline to create a superior fighting force, he also insured that 
everyone of his soldiers was well equipped and could easily adopted 
new warfare tactics. His soldiers were always learning. Whether it be 
a new tactic Genghis had invented or a new weapon He decided the army 
would use, his soldiers were constantly learning. Genghis inspired 
loyalty by a unique way of promotion. Genghis felt that the best way 
to gain a loyal following was to promote people on the basis of 
achievement and not within the family. This did not only inspire a 
great deal of loyalty but it also made his army better and actually 
raised the morale of his soldiers. Every soldier gave their life to 
Genghis and one hundred percent of their effort because no one knew 
who would be the next Genghis would promote.

      Finally, once Genghis's army was trained and ready for battle, 
Genghis felt it was time to flex the muscles of the Mongolian empire. 
Genghis took on the great task of conquering all of china and uniting 
it under a single ruler. Genghis began his assault on China by 
attacking a northwest kingdom called Xi Xia. He defeated Xi Xia with 
little effort and then in 1215 he moved northeast, attacking and 
conquering  Bejing, the capital city of the Jin empire. In 1218, for 
reasons unknown, he decided to cease his assault on China and sweep 
into central Asia. He crushed the kingdom of Krorezm which was 
located in what is now present-day Uzebekistan and Turkmenistan. In 
1220, he destroyed the cities of Bukhara and Samarkand, which are 
located in present-day Uzebekistan and Neyshabar in modern Iran. By 
1223, Genghis Khan and his troops had conquered the Kipchaks, and they 
had defeated the Russians at the Kalka River. It had taken Genghis 
Khan 17 years to create an empire superior in strength and achievement 
to Alexander the great, Julius Caesar and even Hannibal. From 1225 
until Genghis�s death in 1227, His army was at war with Yi Yia 

      Genghis Khan died on August 18, 1227, and was buried in a secret 
location in Mongolia. By rewarding skill and allegiance, and punishing 
those who opposed him, Genghis Khan established a vast empire and the 
most powerful empire to ever exist. Upon his death, Genghis�s son 
Kublai Khan took over the empire, founding the chinese-style Yuan 
dynasty. Mongol rule brought relative peace to Asia, leaving China 
accessible to foreign visitors, such as Marco Polo.


Grolier Encyclopedia. (1995). CD ROM

The New World Book. (1995). CD ROM

Empires Beyond the Great Wall: The Heritage of Genghis Khan.
Online. Internet. 1 May 1996

Heroes (Genghis Khan 1167-1227).
Online. Internet. 2 May 1996

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